Ho v Adelekun

The Power To Set Off Costs Against Costs In A QOCS Case

In November last year the Court of Appeal decided that fixed costs continued to apply in a case which started under the RTA Protocol and was settled by way of the acceptance of a Part 36 Offer which referred to CPR 36.13 and offered to pay “costs to be subject to detailed assessment if not agreed”.

As a consequence of that decision the Appellant (original defendant) was awarded her costs of the appeal.

The question to be determined now was whether the court had jurisdiction to set off those costs against the costs owed to the Respondent (original claimant) in the substantive claim.

FAULKNER V SECRETARY OF STATE FOR BUSINESS, ENERGY AND INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY

QOCS: Setting Off Costs Against Costs

The court exercised its discretion against allowing a defendant to set off ‘costs against costs’ in a case where it unsuccessfully applied to resurrect a discontinued claim with a view to striking it out and thus removing the protection of QOCS by virtue of CPR 44.15.

Exceptions to Qualified One Way Costs Shifting (QOCS)

Mixed Claims And CPR 44.16(2)(b) | Exceptions To Qualified One Way Costs Shifting (QOCS)

The Court of Appeal has considered the correct approach to QOCS in “mixed” cases involving personal injury and non personal injury claims. Affirming the approaches taken in Jeffreys v Commissioner of the Metropolis [2017] EWHC 1505 (QB) and Siddiqui v The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford [2018] EWHC 536 (QB) and upholding the decision of Mrs Justice Whipple DBE in The Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis v Brown [2018] EWHC 2046 (Admin) Lord Justice Coulson rejected arguments that in order for the exception to QOCS at CPR 44.16(2)(b) to apply the personal injury claim and the non-personal injury claim must be “divisible”.

Fundamental dishonesty found on appeal by reason of material non disclosure

On a cross appeal arising out of this failed RTA claim Mr Justice Julian Knowles overturned the trial judge’s finding that the claimant had not been fundamentally dishonest in his claim against the defendant. Thus, it followed, QOCS was disapplied and the defendant became entitled to enforce the order for costs in its favour to its full extent.

qocs

QOCS protection does not extend to an unsuccessful counterclaimant’s defence in a personal injury claim