“…there is no authority at the level of this Court in which the issue which now arises before us has been authoritatively considered… Accordingly, we must address the issue on first principles and, in particular, as a matter of interpretation. On that issue, we have reached the conclusion that the caps which are set out in CPR 45.43, in particular at (2) and (3), are inclusive of VAT.”
In this short judgment following a determination by the court that the Aarhus Convention applied to the claim Mr Justice Freedman went on to determine costs as between the Claimant and Interested Party. The latter had actively sought to oppose the Claimant having Aarhus costs protection whilst the Defendant had maintained a neutral stance.
The decision also addressed the oft-debated issue of costs related to legal research.